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Gregory Abramov
Gregory Abramov

Maglaya's Nursing Practice in the Community: Theory and Practice for Community Health Nurses


Community Health Nursing by Maglaya Book: A Valuable Resource for Nurses and Students




Community health nursing (CHN) is a branch of nursing that focuses on the health needs of individuals, families, groups, and communities. CHN aims to promote health, prevent disease, and provide quality care to people in various settings and situations. CHN is practiced within a specific economic, political, socio-cultural, and environmental context. The roles and functions of CHNs directly contribute to the health of their clients.




community health nursing by maglaya book



One of the most comprehensive and authoritative books on CHN is Nursing Practice in the Community by Araceli S. Maglaya. This book provides a theory-based and competency-based framework for CHN practice. It covers the concepts, principles, methods, and strategies of CHN in different levels of clientele: individuals, families, population groups, and communities. It also discusses the current issues and trends in CHN, such as primary health care, health promotion, disease prevention, community-based referral network, essential national health research, and more.


Nursing Practice in the Community by Maglaya is divided into four parts: Part I introduces the overview of CHN; Part II explains the foundations of CHN; Part III describes the application of CHN; and Part IV explores the future directions of CHN. Each part contains several chapters that are organized logically and systematically. Each chapter contains objectives, key terms, tables, figures, examples, exercises, references, and appendices. The book also includes a glossary of terms and an index for easy reference.


Nursing Practice in the Community by Maglaya is written by experts in the field of CHN. The editor, Araceli S. Maglaya, is a professor and a centennial professorial chair at the College of Nursing of the University of the Philippines Manila. She has extensive experience and expertise in teaching, research, consultancy, and administration in CHN. The contributing authors are also distinguished professors, nurse educators, medical consultants, and public health specialists who have contributed significantly to the development and advancement of CHN in the Philippines.


Nursing Practice in the Community by Maglaya is a valuable resource for nurses and students who want to learn more about CHN. It provides a comprehensive and updated knowledge base for CHN practice. It also offers practical and interactive approaches for applying CHN concepts and skills in various settings and situations. It is a must-have book for anyone who wants to enhance their competence and confidence in CHN.


What is the Nursing Process in Community Health Nursing by Maglaya Book?




The nursing process is a systematic and scientific method of providing nursing care to clients. It involves five phases: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. The nursing process is used in different levels of clientele in CHN: individuals, families, population groups, and communities.


In Nursing Practice in the Community by Maglaya, the nursing process is explained in detail for each level of clientele. The book provides guidelines, tools, and techniques for conducting comprehensive and accurate assessments of the health status, needs, problems, and resources of clients. It also helps nurses to formulate appropriate nursing diagnoses based on the assessment data. Moreover, it guides nurses to plan realistic and measurable goals and interventions for clients, taking into account their preferences, values, culture, and resources. Furthermore, it assists nurses to implement the planned interventions effectively and efficiently, using various strategies such as health education, counseling, advocacy, referral, collaboration, and coordination. Finally, it enables nurses to evaluate the outcomes of the interventions and modify them as needed based on feedback and evidence.


What are the Competencies of Community Health Nurses by Maglaya Book?




Competencies are the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that enable nurses to perform their roles and functions effectively and efficiently in CHN. Competencies are developed through education, training, experience, and practice. Competencies are also influenced by the standards of practice, code of ethics, and legal regulations of nursing.


In Nursing Practice in the Community by Maglaya, the competencies of community health nurses are discussed in relation to the competency-based framework for CHN practice. The book identifies four domains of competencies: core competencies, technical competencies, management competencies, and leadership competencies. The book also describes the specific competencies under each domain and provides examples of how they can be applied in various settings and situations. The book also emphasizes the importance of continuing professional development and lifelong learning for community health nurses to enhance their competencies.


What are the Issues and Trends in Community Health Nursing by Maglaya Book?




Community health nursing is constantly evolving and adapting to the changing needs and demands of clients and society. CHN faces various issues and trends that affect its practice and development. Some of these issues and trends are:


  • Primary health care (PHC). PHC is a strategy and an approach that aims to provide universal, equitable, and comprehensive health care to all people. PHC emphasizes community participation, intersectoral collaboration, appropriate technology, and social justice. PHC is the thrust of the Department of Health (DOH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in achieving health for all.



  • Health promotion. Health promotion is a process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health. Health promotion involves not only individual behavior change, but also social and environmental change. Health promotion focuses on the determinants of health, such as income, education, employment, housing, sanitation, nutrition, and more.



  • Disease prevention. Disease prevention is a set of actions that aim to reduce the occurrence and impact of diseases. Disease prevention includes primary prevention (preventing the onset of disease), secondary prevention (detecting and treating disease early), and tertiary prevention (reducing complications and disability from disease).



  • Community-based referral network. Community-based referral network is a system of linking and coordinating health services at different levels of care within the community. Community-based referral network ensures continuity, accessibility, quality, and efficiency of health care for clients. Community-based referral network involves various stakeholders, such as community health workers, barangay health workers, rural health units, hospitals, local government units, non-government organizations, and more.



  • Essential national health research (ENHR). ENHR is a strategy and a movement that aims to generate and use research evidence for health policy and action. ENHR promotes the participation of various sectors and disciplines in identifying, conducting, disseminating, and utilizing health research. ENHR also advocates for ethical, relevant, and responsive health research that addresses the priority health problems of the country.



What are the Benefits of Community Health Nursing by Maglaya Book?




Community health nursing by Maglaya book is a beneficial resource for nurses and students who want to learn more about CHN. Some of the benefits of this book are:


  • It provides a comprehensive and updated knowledge base for CHN practice. It covers the concepts, principles, methods, and strategies of CHN in different levels of clientele: individuals, families, population groups, and communities. It also discusses the current issues and trends in CHN, such as primary health care, health promotion, disease prevention, community-based referral network, essential national health research, and more.



  • It provides a theory-based and competency-based framework for CHN practice. It uses theories that describe, explain, and predict the behavior of clients in CHN. It also uses a competency-based framework that identifies the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that enable nurses to perform their roles and functions effectively and efficiently in CHN.



It provides practical and interactive approaches for applying CHN concepts and skills in various settings and situations. It provides guidelines, tools, and techniques for conducting comprehensive and accurate assessments of the health status, needs, problems, and resources of clients. It also helps nurses to plan realistic and measurable goals and interventions for clients, taking into account their preferences, values, culture, and resources. Furthermore, it assists nurses to implement the planned interventions effectively and efficiently, using various strategies such as health education,


counseling,


advocacy,


referral,


collaboration,


and coordination.


Finally,


it enables nurses to evaluate


the outcomes


of


the interventions


and modify them


as needed based


on feedback


  • and evidence.



It provides a valuable reference for continuing professional development


and lifelong learning


for community health nurses.


It provides references,


appendices,


glossary,


and index


for easy access


to relevant information.


It also emphasizes


the importance


of continuing professional development


and lifelong learning


for community health nurses


  • to enhance their competencies.



What are the Challenges and Opportunities of Community Health Nursing by Maglaya Book?




Community health nursing is a dynamic and rewarding field of nursing that offers many challenges and opportunities for nurses and students. Some of these challenges and opportunities are:


  • Globalization. Globalization is a process of increasing interdependence and integration of countries, cultures, economies, and people. Globalization affects the health of communities in various ways, such as migration, trade, travel, communication, environment, and human rights. Globalization also creates new opportunities for collaboration and partnership among health professionals and organizations across borders.



  • Emerging and re-emerging diseases. Emerging and re-emerging diseases are diseases that are newly discovered or have increased in incidence or geographic range. Some examples of these diseases are HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, dengue, SARS, avian influenza, Ebola, Zika, and COVID-19. These diseases pose serious threats to the health of communities and require prompt and effective responses from CHNs.



  • Disasters and emergencies. Disasters and emergencies are events that cause widespread damage, disruption, or suffering to communities. They can be natural (such as earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanic eruptions) or man-made (such as wars, conflicts, terrorism, accidents). Disasters and emergencies affect the health of communities in various ways, such as injuries, infections, malnutrition, mental stress, displacement, and loss of resources. Disasters and emergencies also create new opportunities for CHNs to provide humanitarian assistance and disaster risk reduction.



Health care reforms. Health care reforms are changes in the policies, systems, and practices of health care delivery that aim to improve the quality, accessibility, affordability, and equity of health care for all people. Health care reforms affect the roles and functions of CHNs in various ways, such as expanding their scope of practice, enhancing their competencies,


increasing their autonomy,


and strengthening their collaboration


with other health professionals


  • and stakeholders.



Technology


and innovation.


Technology


and innovation


are the development


and application


of new knowledge,


tools,


and methods


that enhance


the efficiency,


effectiveness,


and creativity


of health care delivery.


Technology


and innovation


affect the practice


of CHNs


in various ways,


such as improving their communication,


documentation,


education,


research,


and decision-making.


Technology


and innovation


also create new opportunities


for CHNs


to access,


generate,


and use evidence-based information


  • and best practices.



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